如何用英语代词-英文语法教材-4

简单地说代词替代名词。按照名词和名词句子中的功能要选择代词。只第三人称单数形式有性别。第二人称单数和复数形式除了反身代词同样。

只第三人称单数形式有性别


那么,英语代词到底怎么样?

Subject 主格代词 Object 宾格代词 Possessive Adjective 所有格形容词
1st person singular 第一人称单数 I me my
2nd person singular 第二人称单数 you you your
3rd person singular , male 第三人称单数(男) he him his
3rd person singular , female 第三人称单数(女) she her her
3rd person singular , neutral 第三人称单数(中) it it its
1st person plural 第一人称复数 we us our
2nd person plural 第二人称复数 you you your
3rd person singular , plural 第三人称复数 they them their

Possessive Pronoun 所有格代名词 Reflexive or Intensive Pronoun 反身代词或密集代词
1st person singular mine myself
2nd person singular yours yourself
3rd person singular , male his himself
3rd person singular , female hers herself
3rd person singular , neutral itself
1st person plural ours ourselves
2nd person plural yours yourselves
3rd person singular , plural theirs themselves

主格代词

主格代词替代分句的主语。第三人称总是用为了避免重复主语的名字。

例子:

  • I am 25. 我25岁。
  • You look sad. 你看起来很悲伤。
  • Peter is happy, and he wants to buy a car. 彼得很开心,他想买一辆车。
  • They don't like pancakes. 他们不喜欢烙饼。

宾格代词

宾格代词替代分句的直(间)接宾语。

例子:

  • Give the apple to me. 给我那个苹果!
  • The doctor wants to talk to you. 医生和你要说话。
  • Peter can't find it. 彼得找不到它。
  • Tell them to buy an apple! 告诉他们买一个苹果!

所有格形容词

所有格形容词算不正常的代词而算限定词。不过因为形式很像我在本教材提及所有格形容词的用法。它们很像形容词结果位于名词之前。它们不替代名词。

例子:

  • Did dad find my shoes? 爸爸找到了我的鞋子没有?
  • Anna will fix her bike tomorrow. 安娜明天修她的摩托车。
  • The dog broke its leg. 狗的腿骨折了。
  • This is our city. 这是我们的城市。

所有格代名词

所有格代名词在句子中替代所有格名词无论名词是宾语还是主语。

例子:

  • This bag is mine. 这拎包是我的。
  • Yours is not blue. 你的不是蓝色的。
  • That bag looks like his. 那个包跟他的包很像。
  • That car is ours. 那辆车是我们的。

反身代词

反身代词参照分句的主语,因为句子的宾语和主语相同。

  • He hurt himself in the park. 他在公园伤了自己。
  • The children can take care of themselves. 孩子们会照顾自己。
  • She likes herself. 她喜欢自己。
  • I told myself to calm down. 我告诉自己要冷静了。

密集代词

密集代词会强调句子的主语。从句子省略也没有问题。位于在主语后还是句子结尾。

  • I made these pictures myself. 这些画是自己做的。
  • You yourself asked Peter to come. 你问彼得要不要过来。
  • My doctor didn't know the answer herself. 我的医生不知道怎么回答她的。
  • The test itself wasn't scary, but my teacher certainly is. 考试不可怕,但是老师很可怕。
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